RG

IN CONTEXT

IDEOLOGY

Liberalism

FOCUS

Libertarian rights

BEFORE

1689 John Locke writes two treatises on government outlining a social contract.

1944 In The Road to Serfdom, Friedrich Hayek condemns government control through central planning.

1971 John Rawls’s book A Theory of Justice argues for the state to correct inequalities in society.

AFTER

1983 Michael Walzer looks at how society distributes “social goods” such as education and work in Spheres of Justice.

1995 Canadian theorist Gerald Cohen publishes a Marxist critique of Rawls and Nozick titled Self-ownership, Freedom, and Equality.

The position of individual rights in an era of strong states and ...

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