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The Princeton Companion to Mathematics by Imre Leader, June Barrow-Green, Timothy Gowers

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VI.36 Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet

b. Düren, French Empire (now Germany), 1805;d. Göttingen, Germany, 1859Number theory; analysis; mathematical physics; hydrodynamics;probability theory

The low level of mathematics education at German universities prompted Dirichlet to study in Paris, where he came into contact with the leading French mathematicians Lacroix, POISSON [VI.2 7], and FOURIER [VI.2 5], who particularly attracted him. In 1827 he took up a position at the University of Breslau. The following year he moved to Berlin, where he was appointed as a professor at the military academy and where he was also allowed to teach at the university. In 1831 he was made a professor at the university and from then on held positions at both institutions ...

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