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The Princeton Companion to Mathematics by Imre Leader, June Barrow-Green, Timothy Gowers

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VI.57 Christian Felix Klein

b. Düsseldorf, Germany, 1849; d. Göttingen, Germany, 1925Higher geometry; function theory; theory of algebraic equations;pedagogy

Klein had originally intended to be a physicist but during the course of his studies with Julius Plücker in Bonn, with whom he studied both mathematics and physics, he turned to mathematics, receiving his doctorate for a thesis on line geometry in 1868. After Plücker’s death in 1868 he went to Göttingen to study with Alfred Clebsch, where he worked exclusively on mathematics. In 1869-70 he spent some months in Berlin studying with WEIERSTRASS [VI.44] and KUMMER [VI.40] before joining LIE [VI.53] for a trip to Paris to see HERMITS [VI.47]. After passing his habilitation in Göttingen in ...

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