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The Princeton Companion to Mathematics by Imre Leader, June Barrow-Green, Timothy Gowers

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VI.61 Jules Henri Poincaré

b. Nancy, France, 1854; d. Paris, 1912Function theory; geometry; topology; celestial mechanics;mathematical physics; foundations of science

Educated at the École Polytechnique and the École des Mines in Paris, Poincaré began his teaching career at the University of Caen in 1879. In 1881 he took up an appointment at the University of Paris where, from 1886, he held successive chairs until his death in 1912. He was of a retiring nature and did not attract graduate students, but his lecture courses provided the basis for a number of treatises, mostly in mathematical physics.

Poincaré came to international prominence in the early 1880s when, fusing ideas from complex function theory, group theory, non-Euclidean geometry, ...

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