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The Princeton Companion to Mathematics by Imre Leader, June Barrow-Green, Timothy Gowers

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VI.85 Norbert Wiener

b. Columbia, Missouri, 1894; d. Stockholm, 1964

Stochastic processes; applications to electrical engineering and physiology; harmonic analysis; cybernetics

Wiener was just eighteen years old when, in 1913, he was awarded a Ph.D. in logic while studying under Josiah Royce at Harvard University. Afterward, he studied with, among others, RUSSELL [VI.71] and HARDY [VI.73] in Cambridge and HILBERT [VI.63] in Göttingen. After doing work on ballistics for the military during World War II, he was appointed instructor of mathematics at the fledgling Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, MA, where he remained for the rest of his career.

Wiener was in many respects a nonconformist, certainly scientifically and mathematically, ...

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