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The Princeton Companion to Mathematics by Imre Leader, June Barrow-Green, Timothy Gowers

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VI.96 Nicolas Bourbaki

b. Paris, 1935; d. —

Set theory; algebra; topology; foundations of mathematics; analysis; differential and algebraic geometry; integration theory; spectral theory; Lie algebras; commutative algebras; history of mathematics

Bourbaki is a pseudonym chosen in 1935 by a group of French mathematicians, including Henri Cartan, Jean Dieudonné, and ANDRÉ WELL [VI.93]. Under this nom de plume, several generations of mostly French mathematicians conceived, wrote, and published a series of treatises under the general title Éléments de Mathématique. The uncommon use of the singular “mathématique” underscored a strong commitment to the unity of mathematics that is one of the chief characteristics of the group. Together with the “Bourbaki ...

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