Where a personal name is not attached to a specific mathematical work, the corresponding date is an approximate mean date for the period of that person’s mathematical activity. Please note that the early dates in this chronology are approximate, with those before 1000 B.C.E. being very approximate. With regard to post-1500 entries, unless otherwise specified all dates refer to the apparent date of first publication rather than to the date of composition.
ca. 18000 B.C.E. The Ishango Bone, Zaire (possibly the earliest known evidence of counting).
ca.4000 Clay accounting tokens used in the Middle East.
ca. 3400–3200 Development of numerical notation, Sumer (southern Iraq).
ca. 2050 First ...