The Internet is a pervasive aspect of modern computing. Even small, single-use scripts frequently interact with remote services to send or receive data. Python’s rich set of tools for working with web protocols makes it well suited for programming web-based applications, either as a client or a server.
urlparse module manipulates URL strings, splitting and combining their components, and is useful in clients and servers.
There are two client-side APIs for accessing web resources. The original
urllib and updated
urllib2 offer similar APIs for retrieving content remotely, but
urllib2 is easier to extend with new protocols and the
urllib2.Request provides a way to add custom headers to outgoing requests.
HTTP POST requests ...