Chapter 6

Operations Management and Air Pollution


The development of laws to address air pollution grew from the same historical context as that of water quality laws. In the aftermath of World War II, one of the biggest surges in industrialization in history, the impact of air quality on human health became a growing concern in the United States. Eventually Congress passed the Air Pollution Control Act in 1955, empowering a federal agency (the Department of Health, Education and Welfare) to research the effects of air pollution on human health, but leaving primary responsibility for regulating pollution at the state level.1

Congress expanded this narrow role of the federal government over the issue of air pollution by passing the Clean ...

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