Joseph E. Champoux
Since the beginning of cinema, film has been a source of experience for moviegoers. The Lumière brothers' 1895 film, L'Arrivée d'un train en gare de la Ciotat (Arrival of a Train at the Ciotat Station), which showed a locomotive pulling a train into a station, was unedited and ran for less than one minute. However, the looming image of the locomotive on the large screen gave viewers an enchanting experience that moved some to near panic (Dancyger, 1997: 3; Gunning, 1999; Pearson, 1996: 17;Vincendeau, 1995: 269).
Strong viewer experiences, normally only available in reality at high cost, can be created by such unique film qualities as complex editing, special ...