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The Routledge Companion to the Geography of International Business

Book Description

The fields of Economic Geography and International Business share an interest in the same phenomena, whilst each provides both a differing perspective and different research methods in attempting to understand those phenomena.

The Routledge Companion to the Geography of International Business explores the nature and scope of inter-disciplinary work between Economic Geography and International Business in explaining the central issues in the international economy. Contributions written by leading specialists in each field (including some chapters written by inter-disciplinary teams) focus on the nature of multinational firms and their strategies, where they choose to locate their activities, how they create and manage international networks and the key relationships between multinationals and the places where they place their operations. Topics covered include the internationalisation of service industries, the influence of location on the competitiveness of firms and the economic dynamism of regions and where economic activity takes place and how knowledge, goods and services flow between locations.

The book examines the areas for fruitful inter-disciplinary work between International Business and Economic Geography and sets out a road map for future joint research, and is an essential resource for students and practitioners of International Business and Economic Development.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Praise
  3. Dedication
  4. The Routledge Companion to the Geography of International Business
  5. Routledge Companions in Business, Management and Accounting
  6. Title
  7. Copyright
  8. Contents
  9. List of Figures
  10. List of Tables
  11. Notes on Contributors
  12. 1 Introduction to the Companion
    1. The Genesis of the Companion
    2. A Framework for the Companion
    3. Introduction to the Chapters
    4. References
  13. Part I Some Core Material in International Business
    1. 2 Space and International Business
      1. Introduction
      2. Trade and Firm Heterogeneity
      3. Trade and Multinationals
      4. Trade in Value-Added
      5. Global Trade Linkages
      6. Global Supply Chains
      7. Geography and Economics
      8. Consequences for Trade Flows
      9. Conclusion
      10. Notes
      11. References
    2. 3 Networks and Alliances
      1. Introduction
      2. Definitions
      3. Data Availability and Trends
      4. Theoretical Perspectives
      5. Alliance Portfolios
      6. Geographic Perspectives on Global Production Networks
      7. Conclusion
      8. References
    3. 4 Outsourcing, Offshoring and the Global Factory
      1. Introduction
      2. The Global Factory
      3. Why Do Firms Offshore Manufacturing Activities?
      4. Why Do Firms Outsource Manufacturing Activities?
      5. Concluding Remarks
      6. Notes
      7. References
    4. 5 The Regional Mne and Coordination of Mne Organizational Structures
      1. Introduction
      2. The Debate of Regionalization Versus Globalization
      3. Definition of Regions
      4. Theory of Regional Multinationals
      5. Regional Organizational and Management Structures
      6. Conclusion
      7. References
    5. 6 The Dynamics of Multinational Enterprise Subsidiary Roles in an Era of Regionalization
      1. Introduction
      2. Regional Integration as an Economic Determinant of Subsidiary Roles
      3. Patterns of Subsidiary Role Dynamics as Responses to Regional Integration Schemes
      4. Effects of Regional Integration on Subsidiary Competences
      5. A Penrosean Perspective of Subsidiary-Driven Evolution
      6. Conclusion
      7. References
  14. Part II Some Core Material in Economic Geography
    1. 7 The Current Research Programme in Economic Geography
      1. Introduction
      2. A Genealogy of Anglophone Economic Geography
      3. The Current Research Programme
      4. Conclusion
      5. References
    2. 8 Evolutionary Economic Geography: An Emerging Field or Framework?
      1. Introduction
      2. Key Perspectives in Ee
      3. Evolutionary Analysis Within Economic Geography
      4. The Production and Destruction of Variety Within Economic Geography
      5. Path Dependence and Lock-In as Forms of Retention in Space
      6. The Silence of Selection
      7. Self-Organization in Networks
      8. Conclusion
      9. References
    3. 9 Global Production Networks
      1. Introduction
      2. Context: From Gccs to Gpns
      3. Currents: Towards a Gpn 2.0?
      4. Connections: Productive Points of Exchange
      5. Coda: Deepening the Dialogue
      6. Notes
      7. References
    4. 10 The Relational Turn in Economic Geography
      1. Introduction
      2. Relational Economic Geography: Origins and Antecedents
      3. The Relational “Turn” in Economic Geography
      4. Rethinking Proximity Relationally
      5. Socio-Spatial Practice: The Everyday Worlds of International Business
      6. Conclusion
      7. References
  15. Part III the Interface Between Economic Geography and International Business
    1. 11 Economic Geography and International Business
      1. Introduction
      2. Geographical Foundations: The Economic Geography of International Business
      3. Rethinking Spatiality in International Business Studies: A Relational Economic-Geographical Perspective
      4. Conclusion: Challenges for International Business Studies and Economic Geography
      5. References
    2. 12 Toward a Synthesis of Micro and Macro Factors That Influence Foreign Direct Investment Location Choice
      1. Introduction
      2. A Review of Theoretical Approaches to Fdi Location Choice
      3. Micro-Location Factors as Determinants of Fdi Location: Empirical Evidence
      4. Firm-Specific Factors as Determinants of Fdi Location: Empirical Evidence
      5. Research Agenda: Interaction of Macro-Locational, Micro-Locational, and Firm-Specific Factors
      6. Conclusion
      7. Note
      8. References
    3. 13 The Region in International Business and Economic Geography
      1. Introduction
      2. Economic Geography and the Region
      3. International Business Studies and the Region
      4. Complementarities, Incompatibilities and a Way Forward
      5. Conclusion
      6. References
    4. 14 Cities and International Business: Insights From Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives
      1. Introduction
      2. Some Key Differences Between Ib, Eg and Ue
      3. Location in Ib
      4. The Key Literatures on Cities and City Regions in Eg
      5. Key Ideas From Ue
      6. Conclusion
      7. References
    5. 15 Strategic Cities Within Global Urban Networks
      1. Introduction
      2. Advanced Producer Service Internationalization Through Strategic Cities
      3. Basic Model: Interlocking Network Specification
      4. Basic Data: Filling the Service Values Matrix
      5. Extensive and Intensive Globalization
      6. Identifying Strategic Networks and Strategic Places
      7. Relating Strategic Network Connectivity to Global Network Connectivity
      8. Interpretation of Positionalities
      9. Concluding Remarks
      10. Notes
      11. References
    6. 16 The Use of Global Value Chain/Global Production Network Related Literature in International Business Research: Investigating the Nature and Degree of Integration
      1. Introduction
      2. Literature Review
      3. Methodology
      4. Findings
      5. Conclusion
      6. References
    7. 17 The Firm as a Differentiated Network and Economic Geography
      1. Introduction
      2. The Differentiated Network Paradigm
      3. Economic Geography and the Differentiated Network
      4. The Firm in Economic Geography
      5. Economic Geography and Networks for Managing Global Value Chains
      6. References
  16. Part IV Key Research at the Interface of International Business and Economic Geography
    1. 18 Corporate Learning and Knowledge Flows: From Glass Pipelines to Dark Pools
      1. Introduction
      2. Corporate and Regional Learning
      3. Knowledge Flows
      4. Knowledge Outsourcing and Open Innovation
      5. Global Shift to Global Innovation Networks
      6. Learning New Knowledge Flows: Enterprise Ecosystems and Regional Innovation Systems
      7. “Postsocial” Knowledge Flows: Cybersecurity and Hft
      8. Conclusion
      9. References
    2. 19 International Knowledge Transfer
      1. Introduction
      2. Knowledge
      3. International Knowledge Transfer Within Mncs
      4. Competence-Creating Subsidiaries
      5. Absorptive Capacity
      6. Location Choices
      7. Language
      8. Conclusion
      9. References
    3. 20 Capital Projects and Infrastructure in Urban and Economic Development
      1. Introduction
      2. History
      3. The Role of Infrastructure in Urban and Economic Development
      4. Explanation of the Politics of Infrastructure
      5. Historical Resolutions to the Politics of Infrastructure
      6. New Modes of Infrastructure Financing
      7. Conclusion
      8. References
    4. 21 Stepping Out of the Comfort Zone? an Examination of Regional Orientation in Emerging-Economy Mnes’ Cross-Border M&As
      1. Introduction
      2. Literature Review and Theoretical Background
      3. Hypotheses
      4. Empirical Results
      5. Discussion and Conclusion
      6. Note
      7. References
    5. 22 The Effect of Location on Entrepreneurship
      1. Introduction
      2. The Impact of Location on Performance and Internationalization
      3. Theories Which Relate Location to Performance and Internationalization
      4. Other Important Issues Regarding Location
      5. Conclusion
      6. References
    6. 23 Language and the Development of Trade Networks in Early Modern Europe: Modern Reflexes, Unexpected Consequences
      1. Introduction
      2. Early Modern Europe
      3. The Lingua Franca
      4. Discussion
      5. Conclusion
      6. References
    7. 24 Foreign Direct Investment Motivated By Institution Shopping
      1. Introduction
      2. Conventional Fdi Motives
      3. Institution Shopping: Toward a Comprehensive Perspective
      4. Discussion
      5. Conclusion
      6. Notes
      7. References
  17. Part V Location and Competitiveness
    1. 25 Multinational Performance and the Geography of Fdi: Issues of Embeddedness, Strategic Fit and the Dimensions of Distance
      1. Introduction
      2. Concepts and Definitions Linking the Multinational to Its Location and Place
      3. Conclusion
      4. References
    2. 26 The Competitiveness of Location in International Business and Economic Geography
      1. Introduction
      2. Mnes and the Competitiveness of the Host Country Location
      3. Mnes and the Competitiveness of the Home Country Location
      4. Mnes and Home/Host Countries’ Competitiveness
      5. Mne Spillovers on Host and Home Countries’ Competitiveness
      6. Conclusion
      7. References
    3. 27 The Changing Geography of Innovation and the Multinational Enterprise
      1. Introduction
      2. ‘Local Buzz’, ‘Global Pipelines’ and the Role of Mnes in Global Innovation
      3. Data
      4. Results
      5. Concluding Remarks
      6. Notes
      7. References
  18. Part VI Services, International Business and Economic Geography
    1. 28 An Economic Geography of Globalizing Retail: Emergence, Characteristics, Contribution
      1. Introduction
      2. Ib’s Engagement With the Globalization of Retailing
      3. Economic Geography’s Engagement With the Globalization of Retailing
      4. Four Dimensions of the Contribution of Economic Geography to the Conceptualization of Retail Globalization Processes, Practices and Effects
      5. A Process Which Highlights the Role of Financial Market Relations
      6. Discussion and Conclusion
      7. References
    2. 29 Innovation, Market Segmentation and Entrepreneurship in Services: The Case of the Hotel Industry
      1. Introduction
      2. Hotel Innovation: Differentiation and Segmentation
      3. New Innovative Formats in the Hotel Industry
      4. Conclusion
      5. References
    3. 30 The Internationalization of Producer Services
      1. Introduction
      2. Definition of Ps
      3. Growth of Producer Services
      4. Explanations of Internationalization of Producer Services
      5. Conclusion
      6. References
    4. 31 Designed Here, Re-Designed There But Made Somewhere Else: Geography, Translocal Business and the Exploitation of Difference
      1. From Local to Translocal Business
      2. Placing International Products: Place-Based Consumer Cultures
      3. Local and Translocal Industrial Design
      4. Distributed Design and Design Localisation
      5. Conclusion
      6. References
    5. 32 The Culture of Finance
      1. Introduction
      2. The Life of Organisations
      3. Building Blocks
      4. Ecology of Finance
      5. Morphology of Finance
      6. Norms and Conventions
      7. The Culture of Finance
      8. Implications and Conclusion
      9. Acknowledgements
      10. Notes
      11. References
    6. 33 The Internationalization and Localization of Professional Services: The Case of Executive Search Firms in Australia
      1. Introduction
      2. Internationalization and the Birth of a ‘Mature Market’ for Executive Search in the Asia-Pacific
      3. Internationalization and Australia’s Retained Executive Search Industry
      4. Internationalization, Localization and Coordinating Across Borders
      5. Concluding Comments
      6. Acknowledgements
      7. Notes
      8. References
  19. Part VII Epilogue
    1. 34 Epilogue
      1. Establishing the Common Ground
      2. The Melding of Powerful Complementary, But Incomplete, Perspectives on International Business, the Phenomenon
      3. Understanding the Key Assumptions Each Side is Making
      4. Evidence That the Missing Elements Matter
      5. The Place for Critical Perspectives in International Business Research
      6. Summary
      7. What Next?
      8. References
  20. Index