RG

IN CONTEXT

BRANCH

Chemistry

BEFORE

1754 Joseph Black isolates the first gas, carbon dioxide.

1766 Henry Cavendish prepares hydrogen.

1772 Carl Scheele isolates a third gas, oxygen, two years before Priestley, but does not publish his findings until 1777.

AFTER

1774 In Paris, Priestley demonstrates his method to Antoine Lavoisier, who makes the new gas and publishes his results in May 1775.

1779 Lavoisier gives the gas the name “oxygène.”

1783 Geneva’s Schweppes Company starts making the soda water Priestley invented.

1877 Swiss chemist Raoul Pictet produces liquid oxygen, which will be used in rocket fuel, industry, and medicine.

Following Joseph Black’s ...

Get The Science Book now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.