1950 Alan Turing suggests a test to measure machine intelligence (the Turing Test).
1955 American programmer Arthur Samuel improves his program to play tic-tac-toe by writing one that learns to play.
1956 The term “artificial intelligence” is coined by American John McCarthy.
1960 American psychologist Frank Rosenblatt makes a computer with neural networks that learn from experience.
1968 MacHack, the first chess program to achieve a good level of skill, is created by American Richard Greenblatt.
1997 World chess champion Garry Kasparov is defeated by IBM’s Deep Blue computer.
Computers in 1961 were ...