The typical hierarchal organization structure tends to create varying layers of management. This model, rather than being a helpful system, usually results in additional cost inefficiency, and less-than-desired results. Differential systems for organizational, departmental, and functional management (i.e., a coaching or mentoring model, helpers and facilitators, motivating disciplined behavior allowing the employee to self-manage, participative or shared management) need to be used to bring the three Es (economy, efficiency, and effectiveness) back into the organization and to keep them there. Top management needs to be convinced to make the necessary changes even when they are strongly resistant and want to keep the old ...

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