The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) was passed by unanimous vote of the U.S. Senate and signed into law by President Clinton on October 28, 1998. It implemented treaties signed in December 1996 at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Geneva conference. It also amended Title 17 of the United States Code to extend the reach of copyright while limiting the liability of online service providers for copyright infringement by their users.
The DMCA is divided into five titles:
Title I, the “WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Treaties Implementation Act of 1998,” implements the WIPO treaties.
Title II, the “Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation ...