AMNESTIC DISORDERS AND AGE-RELATED MEMORY DECLINE
This syndrome presents with memory impairment (especially recent memory) evidenced by an inability to learn new information. It occurs in a state of clear awareness (differentiating it from delirium) and without any significant loss of the remaining intellectual abilities (differentiating it from dementia).
The amnestic syndrome is produced by a variety of mechanisms, which can be reversible (as in the case of drugs, such as triazolam, interfering with memory consolidation) or irreversible (from bilateral lesions of specific diencephalic or medial temporal lobe structures).
GENERAL TREATMENT PRINCIPLES
Drug-induced reversible amnestic syndromes, such as those associated with ...