CHAPTER12

The Ninth Through Twelfth Amendments: The Political System

In This Chapter

  • The Ninth Amendment: unenumerated rights
  • The Tenth Amendment: states’ rights
  • The Eleventh Amendment: suing states
  • The Twelfth Amendment: electing a president

The last two amendments of the Bill of Rights—the Ninth and Tenth—were aimed at providing flexibility in the Constitution. The framers did not want future American leaders, legislators, or judges to say, “You don’t have the right to do that because it isn’t mentioned in the Constitution.”

Instead, the Ninth Amendment said that just because a particular right isn’t mentioned doesn’t mean it doesn’t apply ...

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