1 Specifiers and projection
The overlap between the constraints imposed at the level of D-structure by the Projection Principle and those imposed by X′ theory has been noticed by various linguists, including Hale (1978, 1980b), Chomsky (1981a), Stowell (1981b), Marantz (1984), and Emonds (1985). As long as no empirical generalization is lost, we may wish to attribute this overlap to inherent redundancy in cognitive mechanisms. However, if there are linguistic generalizations which are obscured by this redundancy, then it is appropriate to investigate the properties of the two systems of constraints, in order to isolate the unique properties of each, so that the observed generalizations will be expressible.
In this paper, ...
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