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Team Cognition, Communication, and Sharing

Marshall Scott Poole

A common denominator in theories of team cognition is that they presume team members share something, be it a mental model of taskwork or teamwork, a common set of categories, knowledge about members’ tendencies and skills, or schema. As Klimoski and Mohammed (1994) and Cannon-Bowers and Salas (2001) note, exactly what is meant by “share” differs across theories.

Sharing is a complex, multidimensional phenomenon that is also central to the study of communication. Communication, after all, is concerned with exchanging information and establishing common meanings, that is, with sharing. This chapter will focus on the various meanings that sharing can have, drawing on the literature ...

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