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Thermal Power Plant

Book Description

Thermal Power Plants: Pre-Operational Activities covers practical information that can be used as a handy reference by utility operators and professionals working in new and existing plants, including those that are undergoing refurbishments and those that have been shut for long periods of time. It is fully comprehensive, including chapters on flushing boiler systems, various methods of testing steam generators, and the drying out of generators.

This book will be invaluable for anyone working on the startup, commissioning, and operation of thermal power plants. It is also a great companion book to Sarkar’s Thermal Power Plant: Design and Operation. Sarkar has worked with thermal power plants for over 40 years, bringing his experience in design and operations to help new and experienced practicing engineers perform effective pre-operational activities.

  • Consolidates all pre-operational aspects of thermal power plants
  • Explains how to handle equipment safely and work efficiently
  • Provides guidance for new and existing power plants to help reduce outage time and save on budgets

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
    1. Part 1: Preoperational Cleaning of Various Sub-Systems
    2. Part 2: Activities that Make Critical Equipment Ready to Put Them in Service
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. List of Acronyms/Abbreviations
  9. Chapter 1: General Description of Thermal Power Plants
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Steam Power Plant [1]
    4. 1.3 Gas Turbine Power Plant [1]
    5. 1.4 Diesel-Generating Station [1]
  10. Chapter 2: Quality Assurance and Quality Control (Applicable to Preoperational Activities)
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 ISO 9000:2015—Quality Management Systems—Fundamentals and Vocabulary
    4. 2.3 ISO 9001:2015—Quality Management Systems—Requirements
    5. 2.4 Procedure
  11. Part 1: Preoperational Cleaning of Various Sub-Systems
    1. Chapter 3: Alkali Flushing of Preboiler System
      1. Abstract
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Description of Preboiler System [3]
      4. 3.3 Precautions
      5. 3.4 Prerequisites
      6. 3.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 3.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 3.7 Estimation of Clarified Water, DM Water, and Chemicals
      9. 3.8 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 4: Flushing of Fuel Oil Piping System
      1. Abstract
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Description of Fuel Oil System
      4. 4.3 Precautions
      5. 4.4 Prerequisites
      6. 4.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 4.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 4.7 Estimation of Flushing Oil
      9. 4.8 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 5: Blowing of Fuel Gas Piping System
      1. Abstract
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Description of Fuel Gas System (Source: Section 7.5.8, p. 268 [1])
      4. 5.3 Precautions
      5. 5.4 Prerequisites
      6. 5.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 5.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 5.7 Conclusion
    4. Chapter 6: Chemical Cleaning of a Steam Generator
      1. Abstract
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Precautions
      4. 6.3 Prerequisites
      5. 6.4 Preparatory Arrangements
      6. 6.5 Operating Procedure
      7. 6.6 Estimation of DM Water and Chemicals
      8. 6.7 Conclusion
    5. Chapter 7: Flushing of Lube Oil Piping System
      1. Abstract
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Description of the Lube Oil System
      4. 7.3 Precautions
      5. 7.4 Prerequisites
      6. 7.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 7.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 7.7 Estimation of DM Water, Chemicals, and Flushing Oil
      9. 7.8 Conclusion
    6. Chapter 8: Steam/Air Blowing of Main Steam, Cold Reheat, Hot Reheat and Other Steam Pipe Lines
      1. Abstract
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Description of Main Steam, Cold Reheat and Hot Reheat Steam, and HP-LP Bypass System (Fig. 8.13) [7]
      4. 8.3 Precautions
      5. 8.4 Prerequisites
      6. 8.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 8.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 8.7 Estimation of DM Water
      9. 8.8 Estimation of Fuel Oil
      10. 8.9 Conclusion
  12. Part 2: Activities that Make Critical Equipment Ready to Put them in Service
    1. Chapter 9: Hydraulic Test of Steam Generator
      1. Abstract
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Objective
      4. 9.3 Precautions
      5. 9.4 Prerequisites
      6. 9.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 9.6 Filling of Steam Generator
      8. 9.7 Operating Procedure
      9. 9.8 Estimation of DM Water and Chemicals
      10. 9.9 Conclusion
    2. Chapter 10: Air-Tightness/Leakage Test of the Furnace, Air, and Flue Gas Ducts of a Steam Generator
      1. Abstract
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Objective
      4. 10.3 Precautions
      5. 10.4 Prerequisites
      6. 10.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 10.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 10.7 Conclusion
    3. Chapter 11: Steam Generator Initial Firing and Drying Out of Insulation
      1. Abstract
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Objective
      4. 11.3 Precautions
      5. 11.4 Prerequisites
      6. 11.5 Brief Description of Various Systems
      7. 11.6 Preparatory Arrangements
      8. 11.7 Operating Procedure
      9. 11.8 Conclusion
    4. Chapter 12: Floating of Steam Generator Safety Valves
      1. Abstract
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Objective
      4. 12.3 Precautions
      5. 12.4 Prerequisites
      6. 12.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 12.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 12.7 Conclusion
    5. Chapter 13: Clean Air Flow Test of a Pulverizer
      1. Abstract
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Objective
      4. 13.3 Precautions
      5. 13.4 Prerequisites
      6. 13.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 13.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 13.7 Conclusion
    6. Chapter 14: Condenser Flood and Vacuum Tightness Tests
      1. Abstract
      2. 14.1 Introduction
      3. 14.2 Objective
      4. 14.3 Precautions
      5. 14.4 Prerequisites
      6. 14.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 14.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 14.7 Conclusion
    7. Chapter 15: Generator Drying Out and Air-Tightness Tests
      1. Abstract
      2. 15.1 Introduction
      3. 15.2 Objective
      4. 15.3 Precautions
      5. 15.4 Prerequisites
      6. 15.5 Preparatory Arrangements
      7. 15.6 Operating Procedure
      8. 15.7 Conclusion
    8. Chapter 16: Filling of Generator With Hydrogen and Protection Stability Test of Generator
      1. Abstract
      2. 16.1 Introduction
      3. 16.2 Objective
      4. 16.3 Generator Hydrogen Filling
      5. 16.4 Protection Stability Test of Generator
      6. 16.5 Conclusion
    9. Chapter 17: Completion Test of a Thermal Power Plant
      1. Abstract
      2. 17.1 Introduction
      3. 17.2 Objective
      4. 17.3 Precautions
      5. 17.4 Prerequisites
      6. 17.5 Miscellaneous Tests
      7. 17.6 Reliability Run Test
      8. 17.7 Performance Guarantee (PG)/Performance Acceptance (PA) Tests
      9. 17.8 Conclusion
  13. Appendix A: Brief Description on Performance Guarantee/Performance Acceptance Tests
    1. A.1 Introduction
    2. A.2 PG/PA Test of Steam Generator Efficiency
    3. A.3 ASME PTC 4
    4. A.4 DIN 1942 (DIN EN 12952-15)
    5. A.5 PG/PA Test of Steam Turbine Heat Rate
    6. A.6 PG/PA Test of Electrostatic Precipitator (ESP)
    7. A.7 PG/PA Test of Cooling Tower
  14. Appendix B: General Safety Guidelines
    1. B.1 Introduction
    2. B.2 General Safety Requirements
    3. B.3 A Few Operational Norms
    4. B.4 Use of Fire Extinguisher
    5. B.5 First Aid and Emergency Treatment
    6. B.6 Some DOs and DON’Ts
  15. Appendix C: Tagging Procedure
    1. C.1 Introduction
    2. C.2 Procedure
    3. C.3 Types of Tags
  16. Appendix D: Conversion Factors
    1. D.1 Basic SI Units (Systeme International D'Unites)
    2. D.2 Prefixes Used in SI Units
  17. Index