Chapter 6

Second Law of Thermodynamics

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  • To be able to evaluate thermal efficiency and COP of heat engines and refrigerators
  • To understand limitations of the first law
  • To state and explain different versions of second law and prove their equivalence
  • To be able to explain reversible and irreversible processes through examples
  • To apply second law to reversible and irreversible heat engines and deduce corollaries of the second law
  • To derive the absolute thermodynamic temperature scale and prove its equivalence to the ideal gas temperature scale
  • To be able to explain the absolute zero of temperature
  • To explain the molecular basis of second law

6.1 Introduction

The first law of thermodynamics provided a basis for accounting ...

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