Turkish uses a Roman alphabet of 29 letters: 8 vowels and 21 consonants. Letters that differ from the English alphabet are: c, pronounced “j” as in “jolly; ç, pronounced “ch” as in “church”; ğ, which lengthens the preceding vowel and is not pronounced; ı, pronounced “uh”; ö, pronounced “ur” (as in “further”); ş, pronounced “sh” as in “ship”; and ü, pronounced “ew” as in “few”.
|Call a doctor!||Bir doktor çağrın!||beer dok-tor chah-ruhn|
|Call an ambulance!||Bir ambulans çağrın!||beer am-boo-lans chah-ruhn|
|Call the police!||Polis çağrın!||po-lees chah-ruhn|
|Where is the nearest telephone/hospital?||En yakın telefon/ hastane nerede?||en ya-kuhnteh-leh-fon/has-ta-neh neh-reh-deh|