14Opportunities in Neural Networks for Industry 4.0

Rodrigo de Paula Monteiro, José P.G. de Oliveira, Sérgio C. Oliveira, and Carmelo J.A.B. Filho

Polytechnic School of Pernambuco, University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

14.1 Introduction: Why Is Machine Learning Interesting to Industry 4.0?

The Fourth Industrial Revolution, that is, Industry 4.0, promoted significant changes in industrial organizations worldwide. Those changes were supported by technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence (AI), which led to improvements in the whole productive chain [1].

Nowadays, industrial plants use complex systems consisting of sensors, networks, computers, and cloud platforms to monitor industrial processes [2]. Sensors, for example, are used to collect various information about those processes, for example, temperature, current, and vibration. This information is commonly sent to storage structures like local servers and cloud computing storage platforms, where they accumulate and can be posteriorly used for decision‐making. It is an increasing trend among industries since the more information there is, the more accurate decisions can be.

On the other hand, those improvements in information generation and storage gave rise to many challenges, such as the interoperability among the different devices and systems involved, cybersecurity, and large amounts of information to be analyzed [3].

In this context, machine ...

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