TRIPS AND THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM ONGENETIC RESOURCES

Chapter 6

TRIPS and the FAO InternationalTreaty on Plant Genetic Resources

Robert J L Lettington1

INTRODUCTION

Agriculture was almost without doubt the world's first example of globalization. The principles of cultivation and domestication spread from no more than eight or ten centres of origin and the world's major crops and livestock from a similar number of centres of origin. This process began some 10,000 to 20,000 years ago and still continues today through the mechanisms of crop and livestock improvement. Private and community initiatives probably constitute the bulk of activity in this field with up to 80 per cent of the population of the developing world engaged in farming and ...

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