Book description
The fourth edition of Transport Phenomena Fundamentals continues with its streamlined approach to the subject, based on a unified treatment of heat, mass, and momentum transport using a balance equation approach. The new edition includes more worked examples within each chapter and adds confidencebuilding problems at the end of each chapter. Some numerical solutions are included in an appendix for students to check their comprehension of key concepts. Additional resources online include exercises that can be practiced using a wide range of software programs available for simulating engineering problems, such as, COMSOL®, Maple®, Fluent, Aspen, Mathematica, Python and MATLAB®, lecture notes, and past exams. This edition incorporates a wider range of problems to expand the utility of the text beyond chemical engineering.
The text is divided into two parts, which can be used for teaching a twoterm course. Part I covers the balance equation in the context of diffusive transport—momentum, energy, mass, and charge. Each chapter adds a term to the balance equation, highlighting that term's effects on the physical behavior of the system and the underlying mathematical description. Chapters familiarize students with modeling and developing mathematical expressions based on the analysis of a control volume, the derivation of the governing differential equations, and the solution to those equations with appropriate boundary conditions.
Part II builds on the diffusive transport balance equation by introducing convective transport terms, focusing on partial, rather than ordinary, differential equations. The text describes paring down the full, microscopic equations governing the phenomena to simplify the models and develop engineering solutions, and it introduces macroscopic versions of the balance equations for use where the microscopic approach is either too difficult to solve or would yield much more information that is actually required. The text discusses the momentum, Bernoulli, energy, and species continuity equations, including a brief description of how these equations are applied to heat exchangers, continuous contactors, and chemical reactors. The book introduces the three fundamental transport coefficients: the friction factor, the heat transfer coefficient, and the mass transfer coefficient in the context of boundary layer theory. Laminar flow situations are treated first followed by a discussion of turbulence. The final chapter covers the basics of radiative heat transfer, including concepts such as blackbodies, graybodies, radiation shields, and enclosures.
Table of contents
 Cover
 Half Title
 Series Page
 Title Page
 Copyright Page
 Dedication
 Contents
 Preface
 Author

PART I Transport Fundamentals and 1D Systems
 Chapter 1 Introductory Concepts

Chapter 2 Flows, Gradients, and Transport Properties
 2.1 Introduction
 2.2 Momentum Transport—Newton’s Law of Viscosity
 2.3 Energy Transport—Fourier’s Law of Heat Conduction
 2.4 Mass Transport—Fick’s Law of Diffusion
 2.5 Charge Transport—Ohm’s Law of Conduction
 2.6 Driving Force—Resistance Concepts
 2.7 Flux Laws in Two and Three Dimensions
 2.8 Mechanistic Differences Between the Transport Phenomena
 2.9 Primary and Secondary Fluxes
 2.10 Failure of The Linear Flux–Gradient Laws
 2.11 Summary
 2.12 References
 Problems

Chapter 3 Transport Properties of Materials
 3.1 Introduction
 3.2 Diffusivity of Gases
 3.3 Diffusion in Liquids
 3.4 Diffusion in Solids
 3.5 Kinetic Theory and the Viscosity of a Gas
 3.6 Viscosity of Liquids—Free Volume Theory
 3.7 Thermal Conductivity of Gases
 3.8 Thermal Conductivity of Liquids
 3.9 Thermal Conductivity of Solids
 3.10 Conductivity, Mobility, and Resistivity
 3.11 Summary
 3.12 References
 Problems
 Chapter 4 OneDimensional, SteadyState, Diffusive Transport
 Chapter 5 Generation
 Chapter 6 Accumulation
 Chapter 7 Conservative Transport and Waves
 Chapter 8 Transport Enhancement Using Extended Surfaces

PART II Multidimensional, Convective, and Radiative Transport
 Chapter 9 Multidimensional Effects, Potential Functions, and Fields
 Chapter 10 Convective Transport: Microscopic Balances

Chapter 11 Macroscopic or Engineering Balances
 11.1 Introduction
 11.2 Macroscopic Continuity Equation
 11.3 Macroscopic Momentum Balance
 11.4 Macroscopic Mechanical Energy Balance—Extended Bernoulli’s Equation
 11.5 Macroscopic Energy Balance
 11.6 Macroscopic Species Continuity Equation
 11.7 Macroscopic Charged Species Continuity Equation
 11.8 Process Intensification—Heat Exchanger Reactor
 11.9 Summary
 11.10 References
 Problems

Chapter 12 Convective Transport on a Flat Plate (Laminar Boundary Layers)
 12.1 Introduction
 12.2 Convective Transport Coefficients C_f#x2009;, h, k_c, and k±
 12.3 Boundary Layer Definitions
 12.4 Derivation of the Boundary Layer Equations
 12.5 Transport Analogies
 12.6 Hydrodynamic Boundary Layers
 12.7 Thermal Boundary Layers
 12.8 Mass Transfer Boundary Layers
 12.9 Simplified Ionic Boundary Layers
 12.10 Summary
 12.11 References
 Problems
 Chapter 13 Convective Transport: Systems with Curvature
 Chapter 14 Turbulent Boundary Layers
 Chapter 15 Radiative Transport
 Nomenclature
 Appendix A: Vector Mathematics
 Appendix B: Mathematical Functions
 Appendix C: Convective Functions
 Appendix D: Exact Solution to the Boundary Layer Equations
 Appendix E: Blackbody Emission Functions
 Appendix F: Thermal and Transport Properties of Materials
 Appendix G: Comsol^® Modules
 Appendix H: Selected Answers to Homework Problems
 Index
Product information
 Title: Transport Phenomena Fundamentals, 4th Edition
 Author(s):
 Release date: February 2020
 Publisher(s): CRC Press
 ISBN: 9781351624862
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