13.1 Introduction

The flat plate boundary layer analysis we introduced in the last chapter represents the first line of attack in trying to determine values for the convective transport coefficients. A great many systems can be regarded as flat plates if their curvature is sufficiently small. Unfortunately, there are an equal number of technologically important systems where the flat plate analysis fails. Flow over highly curved blunt objects such as cylinders and spheres and flow in tubes and conduits are two of the most important examples. The failures arise because the boundary layer cannot ...

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