16 Channel Access Modelling for EV Charging/Discharging Service through Vehicular ad hoc Networks (VANETs) Communications

Dhaou Said and Hussein T. Mouftah

School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada

Nomenclature

ACs
access categories
ACK
acknowledgment
Cd
communication density
C_O
cut‐off parameter
Cr
communication range
CW
contention window
CCH
control channel
Dch
charging/discharging rate
EDCA
enhanced distributed channel access
EV
electric vehicle
EVSE
electric vehicle supply equipment
EV‐SG
EV‐to‐smart‐grid interaction
G2V
grid‐to‐vehicle
ITS
intelligent transportation system
LTE
Long‐Term Evolution
Mf
message frequency
PLC
power line communication
OBU
on board unit
RSU
road side unit
SAE
Society of Automotive Engineers
SCH
service channel
SG
smart grid
SoC
state of charge
TOUP
time of use pricing
Vd
vehicle density
V2G
vehicle‐to‐Grid
VANETs
vehicular ad hoc networks
WAVE
wireless access in vehicular environment
WSA
wave service advertisement

16.1 Introduction

As we see our society becomes more and more connected with an open and global living environment, the transportation technologies have to play an important and central role in cites. Moreover innovative transportation solutions are emerging as a next‐generation approach for the vision of the smart city challenge. Added to the transport electrification concept, especially ...

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