Again, a taxonomy is by simplest definition a classification. This doesn’t mean, though, that taxonomies are always simple. They can have very complex characteristics. This chapter will introduce the basics of taxonomies, before we dive into their more complicated iterations. The first observation to be made about taxonomies is that there are many of them – almost an infinite number. There are taxonomies about science. About people. About animals. About ethics. About religion. Although “infinity” is never truly reachable, the number of taxonomies that could exist in the world comes close.
In order to begin the discussion on taxonomies, let’s start with an example of a simple taxonomy (also known as a flat taxonomy):