All of these are placed in a zone file, which is discussed further in “Setting Up a DNS Server with BIND.” There are several ways to define the IP/hostname. Some of these DNS records are optional. Many can have multiple entries. The most critical and commonly used ones are listed here, but there are many more available. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_DNS_record_types for more information.
The A record maps a hostname to a 32-bit IPv4 address, as in this example:
example.com IN A 192.0.2.0
The hostname comes first. IN indicates Internet. A indicates that this is an A record. The IPv4 address address comes last.
The AAAA record maps a hostname to a 128-bit IPv6 address, as in this example:
example.com AAAA 2001:db8::/32 ...