Introduction: The Battle to Save Democracy

1. W.E.B. Du Bois’ Black Reconstruction in America 1860–1880 (1935; New York: Free Press, 1998) puts this in context brilliantly and includes long and detailed quotes from and commentary on Thaddeus Stevens’s floor speeches on this topic.


3. Alexander Hamilton, Federalist Papers (No. 84),

4. Ibid.

CHAPTER 1: The Deciding Moment?

1. Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad Co., 118 U.S. 394 (1886),

2. D. M. Delmas, Speeches and Addresses (San Francisco: A. M. Robinson, 1901). A first edition is in the library ...

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