Notes

Chapter 1

1. I have not mentioned structuralism in this list, despite the fact that it was the structuralists who were more responsible than any other group of theorists for the view that experience is fundamentally linguistic. The reason I have not mentioned these writers (e.g., Levi-Strauss, Barthes) is that their underlying objectivism is inconsistent with the interpretivist, hermeneutic perspective I am adopting here. Structuralism was not based in social constructionism, as postmodernism is, but in the position that objectively existing universal elements underlie experience and are responsible for its shape everywhere, although that shape varies according to the kinds of adaptations required in particular environments.

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