1 Horror vacui is most notably associated with the Italian-born critic Mario Praz, who used the term to describe the cluttered interior design of the Victorian age.

2 “Visualizing Emptiness” by Dimitri Mortelmans, Visual Anthropology, 2005, vol. 18, p. 19–45. See also The Sense of Order: A Study in the Psychology of Decorative Art by Ernst Gombrich, Phaidon, 1970.

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