O'Reilly logo

Urban Sketching Handbook: Architecture and Cityscapes by Gabriel Campanario

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:42
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:43
001-112_41203.indd 43 5/16/14 9:29 AM
(Text)
Key III: Depth
|
43
à The roof lines aren’t parallel
to the ground; therefore, the
vanishing point is way up in
the sky (see diagram at right).
Nelson House
12.7” x 8.6” | 32 x 22 cm; Ink
and watercolor on 11” x 14” |
28 x 35.6 cm; Canson Mixed
Media sketchbook; 2 hours.
à Once I learned to find the horizon line and identify vanishing
points, perspective started making much more sense.
1. Lines parallel to the ground below the horizon line rise up.
2. Lines parallel to the ground above the horizon line fall down.
3. Lines not parallel to the ground, such as the inclined roof, will
have vanishing points above or below the horizon line.
1.
2.
3.
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:42
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:43
001-112_41203.indd 43 5/16/14 11:02 AM
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:44
001-112_41203.indd 44 5/16/14 9:29 AM
(Text)
44
|
Architecture and Cityscapes
Spot vertical depth.
It’s called three-point perspective, and it happens
when you have to look up or down a building to
sketch a view that is bound to give you a bit of a
neck ache. The sides of the building will converge
towards each other to a vanishing point located
high above the building when you look up or
somewhere under your feet when you look down.
à Look down, look up
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:44
001-112_41203.indd 44 5/16/14 11:02 AM
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:44
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:45
001-112_41203.indd 45 5/16/14 9:29 AM
(Text)
Key III: Depth
|
45
Á MURRAY DEWHURST
View from hotel window, Rome
15” x 7.5” | 38 x 19 cm; Sennelier
half-pan watercolors, Staedtler
pigment liner 0.5 on Hahnemühle
sketchbook; 45 minutes.
à Draw what you see, not
what you know. Your brain may
tell you a wall is always straight,
but that’s not how it manifests
itself in the real world.
Pacific Tower
12” x 6.4” | 30.5 x 16.3 cm; Ink
and watercolor on Canson Mixed
Media sketchbook; 40 minutes.
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:44
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:45
001-112_41203.indd 45 5/16/14 11:02 AM
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:46
001-112_41203.indd 46 5/16/14 9:29 AM
(Text)
46
|
Architecture and Cityscapes
Build depth through tonal value.
Perspective is not the only way to create the illusion
of depth. Shade helps create a sense of volume.
Gradation creates the same effect in what is known
as “atmospheric” perspective.
Á The farther away the
buildings, the less detail they
need. That helps emphasize
a sense of distance.
EDUARDO BAJZEK
Ladeira Salto Grande
10.9” x 11” | 27.6 x 30 cm;
3B to 7B pencils, and blending
stump on Cachet Daler Rowney
sketchbook; 2 hours.
à STÉPHANE KARDOS
Mister Fox
10” x 7” | 25.4 x 17.8 cm;
Gray and black Pentel brushes,
permanent ink pen on Seawhite of
Brighton sketchbook; 30 minutes.
Useful habits
Find your eye
level first.
To get a flattened
view of the scene
and take accurate
measurements,
always close
one eye.
Remember to stay
still. If you move,
all your vanishing
points will shift.
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:46
001-112_41203.indd 46 5/16/14 11:02 AM
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:46
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:47
001-112_41203.indd 47 5/16/14 9:29 AM
(Text)
Key III: Depth
|
47
Á The farther away the
buildings, the less detail they
need. That helps emphasize
a sense of distance.
EDUARDO BAJZEK
Ladeira Salto Grande
10.9” x 11” | 27.6 x 30 cm;
3B to 7B pencils, and blending
stump on Cachet Daler Rowney
sketchbook; 2 hours.
à STÉPHANE KARDOS
Mister Fox
10” x 7” | 25.4 x 17.8 cm;
Gray and black Pentel brushes,
permanent ink pen on Seawhite of
Brighton sketchbook; 30 minutes.
Workshop
Practice drawing cubes and boxes from different angles.
Draw through them to understand their structure.
Sitting on a street bench or an outdoor café, find the
horizon line and draw a schematic sketch with a least
five different vanishing points.
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:46
F39_Job:05-41203 Title: RP-The Urban Sketching Handbook
#175 Dtp: 229 Page:47
001-112_41203.indd 47 5/16/14 11:02 AM

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required