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VB.NET Language in a Nutshell, Second Edition by Steven Roman PhD, Paul Lomax, Ron Petrusha

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Name

Len Function

Class

Microsoft.VisualBasic.Strings

Syntax

Len(expression)
expression (required; any)

Any valid variable name or expression

Return Value

Integer

Description

Counts the number of characters within a string or the size of a given variable

Rules at a Glance

  • If expression contains Nothing, Len returns 0.

  • For a string or String variable, Len returns the number of characters in the string.

  • For a nonobject and nonstructure variable, Len returns the number of bytes required to store the variable in memory.

  • For a variable of type Object, Len returns the length of its data subtype. If the object is uninitialized, its length is 0. However, if the object contains a strongly typed class instance, an InvalidCastException exception is thrown.

  • For a structure, Len returns the number of bytes required to store the structure as a file. (But see the comment in Section .)

  • For a strongly typed object variable, such as one defined by the Class... End Class construct, Len generates an InvalidCastException exception.

  • If varname is an array, you must also specify a valid subscript. In other words, Len cannot be used to determine the total number of elements in or the total size of an array.

Programming Tips and Gotchas

  • Len cannot accurately report the number of bytes required to store structures that contain variable-length strings. If you need to know how many bytes of storage space will be required by a structure that includes string members, you can fix the length of the strings by using the ...

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