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VB.NET Language in a Nutshell, Second Edition by Steven Roman PhD, Paul Lomax, Ron Petrusha

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Name

VBFixedString Attribute

Class

Microsoft.VisualBasic.VBFixedStringAttribute

Applies to

Field

Description

Defines a fixed-length string. It is the rough equivalent of the VB 6 declaration:

Dim s As String * length

It can be used to define fixed-length strings within structures, particularly structures that are to be passed to Win32 API functions, as well as to define fixed length strings to be written to and read from random access files.

Constructor

New(length)
length (Integer)

The length of the string

Properties

Length (Integer)

Read-only. The length of the string. Its value is set by the length parameter in the class constructor.

Example

The example creates a random access file, which must contain fixed-length records, and uses the <VBFixedString> attribute to create a fixed-length string of 10 characters. This ensures that all records will be a uniform length. Without the <VBFixedString> attribute, the example an IOException exception because of bad record length.

Option Strict Off Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic Imports System Module modMain Structure Person <vbFixedString(10)> Public Name As String Public Age As Short End Structure Public Sub Main Dim APerson As New Person( ) Dim fr As Integer = FreeFile( ) FileOpen(fr, ".\person.txt", OpenMode.Random, OpenAccess.ReadWrite, _ OpenShare.Default, len(aperson)) APerson.Name = "John" APerson.Age = 31 FilePut(fr, APerson, 1) APerson.Name = "Jane" APerson.Age = 27 FilePut(fr, APerson, 2) FileGet(fr, APerson, 2) Console.WriteLine(Trim(APerson.Name) ...

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