Four basic forms of single-camera unit are used regularly for ENG, EFP, SNG, and certain forms of studio production —
• The independent camcorder, where the video camera has an attached or incorporated videotape recorder, and produces videotape recordings for subsequent editing.
• The stand-alone camera which is cabled to a separate portable videotape recorder in a shoulder-bag, back-pack, or on a trolley-pack.
• The stand-alone camera working to a nearby support vehicle. That can be anything from a station wagon, remotes truck/van, to a mobile control room. The program material may be recorded there, or passed on directly to a distant control center.
The camera’s maximum distance from its base largely depends ...