11Evolution of the View Camera

11.1 Early Innovations

If the crude early camera that consisted of a tripod-mounted box containing a lens and a ground glass is considered to be the prototype of the modern view camera, one of the first refinements was a device for changing the lens-to-ground-glass distance. Telescoping metal tubes on the lens mount, with a simple set screw or a rack-and-pinion device, enabled the photographer to focus on objects at different distances.

An 1857 camera with this focusing adjustment is illustrated in Figure 11-1. This camera also has the unusual feature for a box camera of being collapsible.

The importance of being able to make more drastic changes in lens-to-ground-glass distance to accommodate different focal ...

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