# Chapter 16. Operators

An operator is a basic code element that performs some operation on one or more values to create a result. The values the operator acts upon are called operands. For example, in the following statement, the operator is `+` (addition), the operands are `B` and `C`, and the result is assigned to the variable `A`:

`A = B + C`

The Visual Basic operators fall into five categories: arithmetic, concatenation, comparison, logical, and bitwise. This chapter first explains these categories and the operators they contain, and then discusses other operator issues such as precedence, assignment operators, and operator overloading. Also included are discussions of some specialized issues that arise when you work with strings and dates.

# Arithmetic Operators

The following table lists the arithmetic operators provided by Visual Basic. Most programmers should be very familiar with most of them. The four operators that may need a little extra explanation are `\`, `Mod`, `<<`, and `>>`.

Operator

Purpose

Example

Result

`^`

Exponentiation

`2 ^ 3`

(2 to the power 3) `= 2 * 2 * 2 = 8`

`-`

Negation

`−2`

`−2`

`*`

Multiplication

`2 * 3`

`6`

`/`

Division

`3 / 2`

`1.5`

`\`

Integer division

`17 \ 5`

`3`

`Mod`

Modulus

`17 Mod 5`

`2`

`+`

`2 + 3`

`5`

-

Subtraction

`3 − 2`

`1`

`<<`

Bit left shift

`10110111 << 1`

`01101110`

`>>`

Bit right shift

`10110111 >> 1`

`01011011`

The `\` operator performs integer division. It returns the result of dividing its first operand by the second, dropping any remainder. It's important to understand that the result is truncated toward zero, not rounded. For example, 7 \ 4 = ...

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