Microsoft’s Windows is the most widely used desktop operating system worldwide. Operating systems are software systems that make using computers more convenient for users, developers and system administrators. They provide services that allow each app to execute safely, efficiently and concurrently (i.e., in parallel) with other apps. Other popular desktop operating systems include Linux and Mac OS X. Popular mobile operating systems used in smartphones and tablets include Microsoft’s Windows Phone, Google’s Android, Apple’s iOS (for iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch devices) and BlackBerry OS. Figure 1.5 presents the evolution of the Windows operating system.