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Voice over IP Fundamentals, Second Edition by Sudipto Mukherjee, Satish Kalidindi, Manoj Bhatia, James Peters, Jonathan Davidson

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Chapter 3. Basic Telephony Signaling

Many corporations find it advantageous to operate their own voice networks, and they do so by connecting dedicated links between Private Branch eXchanges (PBXs) for inter-office communication, or by using Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) for voice. Originally, PBXs were connected to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) for voice services, or they were interconnected using analog tie-lines to transfer voice. When the need for more voice trunks and the technology matured, analog tie-lines were replaced with higher-speed digital facilities capable of accessing sophisticated and feature-rich networks. This chapter analyzes the signaling techniques that traverse analog and digital facilities in corporate ...

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