9River and Reservoir Wate Quality Models
This chapter focuses on models for simulating water quality conditions in streams, rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. Some of the models cited may also be applied to estuaries and coastal waters. Precipitation-runoff models, which include predicting the water quality of watershed runoff, were covered in Chapter 7. Ground-water quality was addressed in Chapter 6.
Models provide a means to predict the impacts of natural processes and human activities on the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of water in a river/reservoir system. Models are used widely to evaluate the impacts of waste loads from treatment plants or pollutant loads from various other point and ...