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Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, Volume I, Wellbeing in Children and Families by Cary L. Cooper, Susan H. Landry

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11

High-Risk Home and Child-Care Environments and Children's Social-Emotional Outcomes

Lisa S. Badanes

Metropolitan State University of Denver, U.S.A.

Sarah Enos Watamura

University of Denver, U.S.A.

In this chapter we will focus on the specific home and child-care characteristics with the most empirical support suggesting that they are risk factors for poor social-emotional outcomes. Given that this volume addresses many aspects important for child wellbeing, we have also selected topics with an eye toward emphasizing those not covered extensively elsewhere in this volume. As we have been asked to integrate work on home and child-care environments, the fact that characteristics of these two environments are inexorably linked comes immediately to mind. It is clear that a family's educational and financial resources impact the type and quality of child care they are able to select for their children (Torquati, Raikes, Huddleston-Casas, Bovaird, & Harris, 2011). Unfortunately, much less is known about how characteristics of families and characteristics of their child-care environments interact to impact child outcomes. Wherever possible, we highlight such work, and throughout we utilize a bioecological systems perspective (Bronfenbrenner & Ceci, 1994) to highlight the hypothesized interplay of contextual influences on the child. Specifically, we focus on the high-risk home characteristics of maternal depression, child maltreatment, and insecure parent–child attachment, and the high-risk ...

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