Chapter 5

The Challenge of Widening Participation to Higher Education in Brazil

Injustices, Innovations, and Outcomes

Katia Norões1 and Tristan McCowan2,    1University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil,    2Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK

Higher education in Brazil has expanded rapidly over the last 20 years, reaching a total of over 7 million students and over 2000 institutions. However, the net enrollment ratio is still low at only 15%, and students are drawn mainly from the upper socio-economic groups, with particularly low participation of African Brazilian and indigenous communities. Issues around access to higher education have gained political prominence in recent years, leading to a heated national debate ...

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