Chapter 11

The Tension between Access and Success

Challenges and Opportunities for Community Colleges in the United States

Sung-Woo Cho,    Abt Associates, Bethesda, MD, USA; Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

This chapter provides an overview of the challenges that community colleges in the United States face when providing access to all incoming students, while attempting to provide students with the means to complete a certificate or associate degree. As most community colleges in the United States provide open access to any student who wishes to pursue a program of study, these institutions are naturally more racially and socioeconomically diverse than their four-year counterparts. However, there is a recent push in higher education ...

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