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Wind Engineering: A Handbook for Structural Engineers by Henry Liu - University of Missouri—Columbia

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5Dynamic Response of Structures: Vibration and Fatigue

5.1 Introduction

Wind-Sensitive Structures

Many structures, such as tall buildings, stacks (chimneys), towers, cable-suspended bridges, cable-suspended roofs, light poles, traffic light fixtures, signs, sheet metal roofs, and so on, are sensitive to wind-induced vibration and resultant damage. The trend toward constructing higher buildings and longer bridges with less material has contributed to a new generation of wind-sensitive structures that the modern-day structural engineer must cope with.

Factors Contributing to Wind-Induced Vibration

Wind-induced structural vibration depends to a large extent on the characteristics of structures. The three most relevant characteristics are shape, ...

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