The most widely implemented network protocol in use today.
TCP/IP is a protocol that was originally implemented on Unix platforms but has now become the default network protocol on Microsoft Windows, Novell NetWare, and Apple Macintosh computing platforms. TCP/IP is routable and can be used for both local-area networks (LANs) and wide-area networks (WANs). You should use TCP/IP if:
Your network is heterogeneous in character, consisting of different computing platforms and operating systems that all need to work together.
You need connectivity with the Internet or want to deploy Internet technologies within a corporate intranet environment.
You want to make use of the Active Directory component of Windows 2000 Server. (Active Directory requires TCP/IP.)
A full treatment of TCP/IP is beyond the scope of this book. What follows here is a brief summary of its important features. For more information see the books TCP/IP Network Administration by Craig Hunt and Windows NT TCP/IP Network Administration by Craig Hunt and Robert Bruce Thompson, both published by O’Reilly & Associates.
Windows 2000 includes a number of enhancements to TCP/IP that improve performance and manageability over earlier versions of Microsoft Windows. The main enhancements are:
Support for APIPA, which allows client
computers to be assigned IP addresses automatically without the need
of a DHCP server. See Section
" in this article
for more information.
Support for dynamic recalculation ...