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Windows Internals, Fifth Edition by David A. Solomon Mark E. Russinovich and Alex Ionescu

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Name Resolution

Name resolution is the process by which a character-based name, such as www.microsoft.com or Mycomputer, is translated into a numeric address, such as 192.168.1.1, that the protocol stack can recognize. This section describes the three TCP/IP-related name resolution protocols provided by Windows: Domain Name System (DNS), Windows Internet Name Service (WINS), and Peer Name Resolution Protocol (PNRP).

Domain Name System

Domain Name System (DNS) is a standard by which Internet names (such as www.microsoft.com) are translated to their corresponding IP addresses. A network application that wants to resolve a DNS name to an IP address sends a DNS lookup request using the TCP/IP protocol to a DNS server. DNS servers implement a distributed ...

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