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Windows® Internals, Sixth Edition, Part 1 by David A. Solomon Mark E. Russinovich and Alex Ionescu

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Protocol Drivers

Network drivers take high-level I/O requests and translate them into low-level network protocol requests for transmission across the network. The network APIs rely on transport protocol drivers in kernel mode to perform the actual translation. Separating APIs from underlying protocols gives the networking architecture the flexibility of letting each API use a number of different protocols. The Internet’s explosive growth and reliance on the TCP/IP protocol has made TCP/IP the preeminent protocol in Windows. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) developed TCP/IP in 1969, specifically as the foundation for a large-scale, fault-tolerant network that became the Internet; therefore, TCP/IP has WAN-friendly characteristics ...

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