You want to create a link to a folder. This is sometimes referred to as a junction point. Links can be created only on NTFS file systems. Junction points are useful if you want to create a simplified path to a folder that is nested deeply in the file system.
This creates a link from folder c:\program files\perl to c:\perl:
> linkd c:\perl "c:\program files\perl"
This removes the link to perl.exe:
linkd c:\perl /d
You can also use the Sysinternals junction.exe tool to create and delete links:
> junction c:\perl "c:\program files\perl" > junction /d c:\perl
A cool thing about junction.exe is that you can also use it to search for links:
> junction /s c:\
If you are browsing the file system with Windows Explorer, you
won't be able to differentiate links from normal files and folders,
but in a CMD session you can. A link shows up as
<JUNCTION>, as shown here:
> dir Volume in drive C is System Volume Serial Number is F0CE-2C6F Directory of C:\ 01/02/2002 09:08 AM 0 build.ini 10/06/2003 01:57 PM <DIR> Documents and Settings 11/02/2003 12:01 AM <DIR> Inetpub 11/18/2003 11:43 PM <JUNCTION> Perl 10/06/2003 02:14 PM <DIR> Program Files 11/16/2003 11:25 PM <DIR> scripts 12/04/2003 12:45 AM <DIR> WINDOWS 6 File(s) 439,283,427 bytes 7 Dir(s) 1,575,822,336 bytes free
' This code creates a link by shelling out to the linkd command. ' ------ SCRIPT CONFIGURATION ------ strLink = "c:\perl" strTarget = "c:\program files\perl" ' ------ END CONFIGURATION --------- strCommand = "linkd " & strLink & " " & strTarget set objWshShell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell") intRC = objWshShell.Run(strCommand, 0, TRUE) if intRC <> 0 then WScript.Echo "Error returned from running the command: " & intRC else WScript.Echo "Command executed successfully" end if
Links, or junction points, are different from shortcuts in that they are transparent to any process or application that accesses them. A shortcut is simply a file that redirects applications to a different location. A junction point is similar to a symbolic link in Unix. When you open a junction point, applications, such as Windows Explorer, behave as if you opened the source folder. The only difference is if you delete the junction point in Windows Explorer, the source directory isn't deleted—only the junction point is deleted.