Preparing Disks for Use
To change or set a volume label, follow these steps:
1. In Disk Management’s Graphical view, right-click the volume that you want to
work with and then select Properties.
2. On the General tab of the Properties dialog box, use the Label field to type a new
label for the volume.
3. Click OK.
Converting a Volume to NTFS
Windows Vista provides the Convert utility for converting FAT or FAT32 volumes to
NTFS. Convert is a command-line utility that requires administrator privileges to
run. When you convert a volume, Convert preserves the file and folder structure and
no data is lost.
Windows Vista does not provide a utility for converting NTFS to FAT or FAT32.
The only way to go from NTFS to FAT or FAT32 is to delete the volume and then re-
create the volume with FAT or FAT32 as the filesystem format.
You can convert any volume to NTFS, including the active, boot, and system vol-
umes. If you try to convert the boot or system volume, Windows Vista displays a
prompt asking whether you want to schedule the volume to be converted the next
time you start your computer. If you click Yes, you can restart the system to begin
the conversion process. In most cases, it will take several restarts to convert the boot
or system volume. Don’t interrupt the conversion process and don’t attempt to shut
down your computer during the conversion process.
Convert needs a block of free space that’s approximately equal to 25 percent of the
total space used on the drive. For example, if the drive stores 5 GB of data, Convert
needs about 500 MB of free space. If there isn’t enough free space, Convert will not
convert the volume and will instead tell you that you need to free up disk space.
You can convert a volume by following these steps:
1. Click Start
➝ All Programs ➝ Accessories.
2. Right-click Command Prompt and then select Run As Administrator.
3. At the command prompt, use the following syntax to convert the volume:
convert volume /FS:NTFS
where volume is the drive letter followed by a colon (:). For example, if you wanted
to convert the H volume to NTFS, you would use the following command:
convert H: /FS:NTFS